February 6, 2021 0 Comments Technology

The Journey Of Microsoft Windows

Windows, a product launched by Microsoft, is one of the most majorly used OS for pc, laptops, tablets, and other such devices. Microsoft started with the collaboration between Bill Gates and Paul Allen in the year 1975. They together developed a Linux system and BASIC. The company gained popularity in the field with the launch of DOS version of windows, a text-based command-line OS. Since its first version in 1985, Microsoft windows has updated its features in nine different versions.

Window Evolution

There have been many changes made in the OS of Microsoft in the past few decades. Starting with Windows 1.0 to windows 10, each version released with a new set of features and improved interface.

  • MS Windows 1: This was the first product launched in 1985 by Microsoft. It was the company’s first attempt to build a multitasking 16-bit user interface. OS ran on MS-DOS, a command-line input system.
  • MS Windows 2.0: Two years later, in 1987, the company released the new version of its operating system Windows 2. This version focused on matching features of Macintosh, its biggest competitor in the market.
  • MS Windows 3: This was the foremost operating system that gained success launched by Microsoft. This version required hard disk and Intel 386 processor support. The version also offered better and advanced graphics.
  • MS Windows 3.1: This version launched in 1992 and introduced fonts. This operating system required one MB of RAM support and took 10-15MB storage on a computer drive.
  • MS Windows 95: The version was introduced in 1995 and was the first OS to run on a 32-bit platform that made it better for multitasking and introduced improved mobile computing quality.
  • MS Windows 98: This version was built on MS-DOS kernel and was a hybrid of 16 and 32-bit environment. It also occupied a minimum of 500MB space on the hard disk.
  • MS Windows ME: The version launched in the year 2000 and was the last version built on MS-DOS.
  • MS Windows 2000: This version of windows also released in the same year and was a foremost operating system to support hibernation.
  • MS Windows XP: This version was the best version launched by Microsoft until then. The OS based on Windows NT and supported features of Windows ME.
  • MS Windows Vista: Windows Vista launched after almost six years to launch of Windows XP. This version provided better wireless networking and security options.
  • MS Windows 7: This version was an improved version of Vista. It was faster and much more stable than previous versions.
  • MS Windows 8: The version was much faster than previous versions and supported 3.0 USB.
  • MS Windows 8.1: This re-introduced Windows 8 and allowed users to boot directly into the desktop.
  • MS Windows 10: Microsoft released its latest version in September 2014 as a follow-up to the previous version. Since its release, the version has seen many updates, Creators version being the latest update.

Microsoft Windows: the windows we all know and love

Microsoft Windows is a family of several graphical operating systems developed, tested, and sold for Microsoft installation. The way it started was in 1985, where due to the increasing demand for GUIs, Microsoft released its Operating System series, which now, are popularly known as the Windows. The difference between Windows and the other GUIs was that it uses the MS-DOS file format to operate. Over time, Windows grew to take up 90% of the total market share when it came to GUIs and OS, leaving behind giants like Linux, Ubuntu, and MacOS who had been in the market since before 1984.

History of the Windows

Back when it released, Microsoft windows had to deal with many criticism and lawsuits, mainly targeted from Apple as they saw the Windows GUI be an encroachment of the macOS GUI. Apple argued that the entire UI was copied off of its products, Lisa and the Macintosh. However, this dispute was settled in the court as it drifted in Microsoft’s favour. Till this date, Windows is the most used Operating System in the entire world. The main reason for its success was its ease of use, as people or programmers no longer had to type in commands to get their desired output, they could only use the ‘mouse’ and click to get the action done. It was a very dynamic interface. The initial releases were called the Windows, with only Windows NT being different as it was aimed at businesses.

However, as time progressed and technology grew, we saw more extended versions, like the Windows ‘95 (which integrated Windows and MS-DOS completely while also providing built-in-internet support). In 2001, Windows XP came out which was a tremendous success, especially because it ditched the Windows ‘95 kernel, and was an entirely new OS. In 2006, they surpassed their expectations as they released Windows Vista. While the UI and OS were somewhat unique, the buggy software told a different story and why it never did too well. They fixed their issues and came up with Windows 7 in 2009. A lot call this the baby of XP and Vista, as it had the UI of Vista with the stability of XP. It was and is still the most popular Windows OS to date. Soon, Windows 8 also came out in 2012 which completely changed the UI as it held applications in tiled grids. Not a huge lot loved this update, which is why Windows released a more refined version of the 8 with a few bumps, called the Windows 10.

The current Windows

The entire UI and outlook of the 10 were the same as 8, with necessary elementary changes which annoyed the users of the 8. It added tons of new features, while also releasing its Voice Assistant, much like Siri on the MacOS and iPhones, popularly known as Cortana. Over the years, the OS has become a user favourite, with a few annoyances that people eventually get over. Cortana has grown tremendously and continues to evolve. The 10, so far, is a promising update.

Microsoft Windows Is Unquestionably one of the most dominant OS in the market and has improved its quality and features with every new update.